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Week 4: Harriet Tubman and History

By : AnnieAKiwi
           On Tuesday (January 27, 2015), I taught about Harriet Tubman in social studies. I wrote important vocabulary on the easel board, these words included Harriet Tubman, courage, Underground Railroad, and slavery. I did this as part of my FEAP goal, which is 2h: Adapts the learning environment to accommodate the differing needs and diversity of studentsThe first thing I did was state the purpose to the students. The purpose of this lesson was to identify which character ideal and principle Harriet Tubman showed. I opened up the lesson by asking them what it means to be courageous or to have courage. I had them pair-and-share about what they think it means to be courageous or to have courage. I gave them about a minute or so. Most of them were not familiar with the term so I said it means bravery or to be brave. I showed them the picture of Harriet Tubman that is in their social studies book.
I began to read the small paragraph provided in the workbook. I paused when I came across the word slavery and asked if they remember what that term meant. They were able to tell me since I taught it to them in my previous lesson of Abraham Lincoln. I continued to read until the end, which ended with the word courage. I asked them if they have ever done something courageous. I provided them with an example of me being courageous. I told them that I took courage and stood in front of my entire high school to sing. I had them turn to their partners once more to share their stories. Then I had them share out their own stories about being courageous, which was my closure due to the fact that I ran out of time.

Photo credit to Wikimedia Commons.
On Friday (January 30, 2015), I gathered the students at the carpet with their social studies book and pencils. I wrote two vocabulary terms on the easel board and a question from the workbook. The reason I’m writing the terms on the board is so my ELLs are able to see the word. The two vocabulary terms were history and fact. I told them the purpose of today’s lesson was to understand what history is and what it tells about people and events. I introduced the lesson by defining history. The two pages I had them turn to in the workbook contained various pictures, which includes Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, Harriet Tubman, President Eisenhower, the Pilgrims, and Marjory Stoneman Douglas. I instructed them to circle the pictures they are familiar with. Then, I had them pair-and-share what they circled. I asked for volunteers to share out the people that they circled. I had them follow along with their fingers as I read both paragraphs in the workbook. I asked once again what history meant and several raised their hands. I picked one boy and he defined the word, then I asked him how he knew. He was able to tell me that he got the definition from the first paragraph. I took that opportunity to tell them that he used text evidence to tell me what history meant. The last thing I did was tell them about what the term facts meant. Then I read them the question I wrote on the easel board, “Circle the one that is a fact. A. You are in first grade or B. All grades are in the same classroom.” One volunteer came up to circle a. I asked why she circled A and to define fact. She was able to define the term and say that A was indeed a fact because it was true.
SS.1.A.2.4: Identify people from the past who have shown character ideals and principles.

SS.1.A.2.1: Understand history tells the story of people and events of other times and places.

Week 3

By : AnnieAKiwi
This week, I pulled my phonics groups to work with them on their beginning, middle, and ending sounds. I have two groups that consists of three students. They are grouped according to their DRA levels so I have decided that I want to administer the spelling inventory on them. The spelling inventory from Words Their Way will help me determine who is at the emergent, letter name-alphabetic, within word pattern, or syllables and affixes spelling stage. I will be able to re-group them once I get the results. So far I tested four students, the fourth one refused to cooperate with me. My ELL student that speaks only Spanish was taking the spelling test, but then stopped because he didn’t know how to spell. I told him that it wasn’t for a test, it was for me to know what he needed help with, but he just shut down on me. I need to test two more students so I can re-group and have different activities according to stages. I am still setting up goals for the My Profession video.

Week 2: Gallery Walk

By : AnnieAKiwi
This week I began teaching Social Studies again. I created my own gallery walk that I took from my Social Studies course. I printed out three images of events that occurred while Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was still alive. Before I began the lesson, I taped two of the images in the back of the room and set up sticky notes. I did not state the purpose at the beginning of the lesson. I displayed the picture I was going to model on the ELMO. Then I asked them what they saw in the picture. I picked on a few of the students and made a caption according to their answers. I gave out instructions and called out two tables at a time to walk over the back. Once everyone was at the back of the room, I gave them an opportunity to choose which picture they wanted to see.

Photo credit to Wikipedia.

After, they finished choosing, I instructed them to get a stinky note from the board and head back to their desks. Almost all the students were starting their captions with “I see.” So, I had to refresh their memories on what captions were and how it started. I walked around the room and picked two students to share their captions with the class. I used these two students as examples on how the captions should look like. Then, I had them all come up and stick their sticky notes under the picture they chose. By the end of the lesson, I realized that the students did not really get anything out of the first day of the gallery walk. The gallery walk will be for two days.

Week 12: Free Write

By : AnnieAKiwi
I notice that most of the words did coordinate with what my model was displaying. There was a connection because they were able to notice how the students and the teacher were in a tight circle, which indicates unity and togetherness. Although I included a rainbow and unicorn, they were still able to realize that they were symbols of peace. They were able to connect that everyone was included in the code of conduct. They used words such as peace, discipline, teamwork, rules, collaborating, norms, structure, togetherness, idealistic, and inclusion.

Photo credit to Ana.

I learned that I was able to convey my philosophy well and that they were able to understand what my model was about. My model was displaying cooperative learning and how the students and the teacher have to collaborate together to create a safe and comfortable learning environment. This will enable students to follow the rules because they were able to form part of creating them. They will have a better understanding of how they should or should not behave in the classroom. They will know what is expected of them because they are able to cooperate with the teacher. The discipline is set so students behave because it’s what they desire.

Week 11: Social Studies Mini Lesson

By : AnnieAKiwi
On Thursday, I began to teach Social Studies in the morning. The first thing I did was tell them to come to the carpet. One of my mistakes was I did not instruct them to clean up first and then come to the carpet. All the students came to the carpet quietly and sat down. The first thing I did was pull out a bag with two items that I brought from my house. The bag contained items that tell something about me. I asked for one volunteer to come up and pull out one of the items. I asked the class what the object might tell them about me. The first item was a stuffed panda, which indicated that I like pandas. One of the students mentioned this and I nodded. Then I explained to them that objects can tell us a lot about history. I asked the class what history means to them and one them told me that it was “something that happened a long time ago.” I told them that history is the story of people and events from other times and places.

Photo credit to Wikipedia.

            The next thing I did was introduced them to six different vocabularies, which were history, fact, holiday, culture, character, and fiction. I held a flash card up with the word history on it. I asked them to tell me what they thought each vocabulary was and then I provided the definition. When I came to the word holiday, I asked them what holidays we celebrate this month. They were only able to tell me Thanksgiving because my CT has been telling them about it. After I completed the mini lesson, I proceeded to read Junie B. Jones to them. I began to read chapter one using expressive reading. I read in different voices so the children would enjoy the book more. I read the boy’s voice in a deeper tone and they seem to have enjoyed it. They were disappointed when I finished chapter one.

Week 10: Sound Box

By : AnnieAKiwi
     On Thursday, I pulled a group of about four students for a short phonics lesson. I created a small sound box for each student in my class. I allowed them to take it home so they could decorate it. I began by having them spell the word “sat” and I sounded each part slowly. Most of them got the word and one spelled “sai” instead of “sat.” Then I instructed them to spell sit and gave them a hint that there will only be one letter that changes. I sounded out both words slowly so each child was able to hear the sounds in the word. Again, most of them were able to spell the word except for one of the ELLs that is still struggling with identifying letters. He calls the “s” a “c,” which indicates he has yet to visually learn the alphabet. The next step I took was telling them to change “sit” to “it.” I hinted that they will be taking only one letter out. The students then began to want to write them on a piece of paper. So I allowed each student to get a piece of paper and write it down. I got the sound box activity from Words Their Way by Bear, D., Invernizzi, M., Templeton, S., & Johnston, F.

     Photo credit to Natalie and Rachel on What the Teacher Wants.
     Professor Wulf dropped in to observe me and helped me work with the students. I observed the way she worked with them and how she pronounced each word. Then, I compared and contrasted her instruction to mine. One of the mistakes I made was not firmly deciding on whether the children should use the sound box or write it on paper. I made a mental note on having them only do one thing so it doesn’t get out of hand. Professor Wulf repeated each word and tried different techniques to get their attention when they started doing their own thing. The ELL student was writing other words and I was unable to redirect him to the activity we were doing.

Week 9: Stages of Second Language Acquisition

By : AnnieAKiwi
         I have one monolingual student that is in the pre-production stage of second language acquisition (SLA). According to the ESOL I Student Assignment Packet, there are four stages of SLA. The first stage is pre-production, which is students are still “taking in the new language and are trying to make sense out of it to meet their basic needs” (2013, p. 35). My monolingual student does not speak the language, but has recently picked up a few words. He used to say “baño” and now he says “bathroom.” Most of the time when my student says a word in English, I give him a hi-five. He is still in the “silent period” in English, but still communicates in Spanish. He is able to follow simple commands such as getting his books out, moving his clip up or down, and lining up. He also points out when I ask him a question about something. He comprehends some of the stuff he is learning, but only when I translate the material to Spanish. I try to not only repeat the words so he can repeat them, but translate them so he is aware of what the word means. He now says “paper” instead of “papel.” According to the ESOL I Student Assignment Packet, as a teacher I must use strategies, which include “simplified speech, gestures, pointing, acting out, frequent repetition, props, visuals, modeling and demonstrating.

Photo credit to Ana.

            I have another ELL student that is at the early production stage of SLA. He easily follows directions that are told to him. Sometimes I would have to rephrase what I ask him because he might not grasp it the first time. At the early production stage, students “will begin to respond with one or two word answers or short utterances” (2013, p. 35). He still struggles with identifying his letters and sounds. I administered the spelling inventory spelling test on him and I put him at the late stage of emergent. He did not get any of the words right, but he would just write random letters. He is able to respond to me though with yes or no. He sometimes points to what he wants to show me and tries to talk about it. This indicates that he has a “need to express themselves and be given a chance to produce language in a low anxiety environment” (2013, p. 35). As a teacher, I must not direct error correction at this student. I would have to model or demonstrate the “correct responses in context” (2013, p. 35).
            On Thursday, I was able to co-teach with my CT during literature block. I took the lead by calling each individual table to the carpet and had them sit flat on their bottoms. When they began to chat, I used the "give me five" attention getter to get them to quiet down. I instructed them to open their Journey's book to the page where the story began. I repeated the page number slowly and said the numbers separately. I then asked them whether they remember the characters of the story. I called on a few students to answer. My CT wrote it down on chart paper. Then I proceeded to tell them that the story is fictional fantasy and the definition for fictional fantasy. I told them what the object of reading the story was, which was for them to retell the story. I told them to use their fingers to point to the words as we read together. I stopped on every two pages to ask what the setting, beginning, middle, and ending were. My CT wrote each of these on the chart paper so students will be able to use it when they turn to their partners to share what has happened in the story so far. I was able to also do a read-aloud on If You Give a Pig a Party, since it was the book we were going to use for Book-A-Ween.

ESOL I: Student Assignment Packet. (2013). Tampa: University of South Florida: College of Education

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